How to clean hot tub? 7 Easy steps


You have a hot tub at home; its maintenance is very importance. Hot tub maintenance allows you to protect the equipment and allow you to bathe in clean water. It involves regularly carrying out a few simple actions.
Find out how to clean hot tub, including water treatment and cleaning the various equipment. How to remove stains and traces, how to clean the inside of the pipes, how to drain the tank of your hot tub, and how often? All our advice

How to clean hot tub

how to clean Hot tub  © WDnet Creation, Shutterstock

How to clean hot tub Water

The quality of your hot tub water depends on various things:

  • Filtration: for your hot tub water to be completely clean, it must be filtered. Hot tub filtration must be put in place as soon as your hot tub is installed. This is the first step in treating your hot tub water.
  • Disinfection: This involves disinfecting the hot tub water with a bromine or chlorine-type disinfectant.
  • Water balance: regularly check the hot tub pH, alkalinity, and water hardness. Correct rates with specialized products. This hot tub maintenance step is important because the water balance has an influence on its treatment.

Good to know: to avoid polluting the water, shower before swimming. This will eliminate all traces of perspiration and cosmetic products, in particular.

How to clean hot tub filter

A clean filter ensures that your hot tub water remains clear, free of contaminants, and safe for enjoyment. In this guide, I will tell you the step-by-step process of how to clean hot tub filter:

  • Step 1: Turn Off the Hot Tub Before starting the cleaning process, ensure that your hot tub is turned off and disconnect the power supply. Safety should always be a top priority when performing any maintenance tasks.
  • Step 2: Locate and Remove the Filter Find the filter compartment, usually located on the side of the hot tub. Carefully remove the filter, taking note of its position for proper reinstallation later.
  • Step 3: Rinse Off Loose Debris Using a water hose or a bucket of water, rinse off any loose debris from the filter. This initial rinse helps remove larger particles like leaves, hair, and other visible contaminants.
  • Step 4: Soak the Filter Fill a bucket with water and add a hot tub filter cleaner or mild dish soap. Place the filter in the bucket and let it soak for 1-2 hours. This soaking process aids in breaking down oils, lotions, and other substances trapped in the filter.
  • Step 5: Scrub the Filter After soaking, use a soft brush or a specialized filter cleaning tool to gently scrub the filter. Ensure that you reach every pleat, cleaning thoroughly to remove any remaining debris.
  • Step 6: Rinse Again Rinse the filter once again with a water hose to eliminate any leftover cleaner or soap. Make sure that water flows through each pleat, flushing out any remaining contaminants.
  • Step 7: Inspect the Filter Carefully inspect the filter for any visible tears, damage, or signs of wear. If you notice any issues, it may be time to consider replacing the filter.
  • Step 8: Allow the Filter to Dry Allow the filter to air-dry completely before placing it back into the filter compartment. This step is crucial to prevent the growth of mold or mildew in the filter.
  • Step 9: Replace the Filter Once the filter is dry, securely place it back into the filter compartment, ensuring it’s properly seated.
  • Step 10: Restart the Hot Tub Turn the power back on and restart your hot tub. Enjoy the clean and clear water that results from a well-maintained filter.

Maintaining a Hot tub: cleaning the equipment

The hot tub should be thoroughly cleaned regularly, especially if it is used often. The ideal is to clean it every week or two, depending on the frequency of use.

Clean the tank, the water line, as well as the technical room equipment, such as the filter. You can also purchase a hot tub cleaning kit with nets, brushes, and cleaning products.

To clean your Hot tub lid or cover, a sponge is enough. Not all equipment should be cleaned with a chemical.

Do you have a wooden hot tub? The wood must then be treated and maintained. Ask hot tub specialists for advice on how to best maintain your hot tub.

To complete the maintenance of your hot tub and make it shine as if it were new, it is possible to rub it with a special hot tub polish. In addition to its shine, it protects against sunlight, high temperatures, and chemicals. It also prevents the appearance of scale and the oxidation of the tank. To apply it, simply use a dry cloth and make small circular movements. Treating your hot tub with polish is not a mandatory step, but it is recommended at least once a year.

How to clean hot tub stain

To remove stains from the walls of a Hot tub, it is important to use a product adapted to the type of material. Stains often appear when there is an imbalance in the pH or bromine (or active oxygen) level or when wintering has been done incorrectly. The most common stains are mild stains on the hot tub. They are most often removed with a special liner product or a little white vinegar .

Good to know  : before using a stain remover product, first readjust the water balance and wait one or two days. If the stains persist, then a special product is needed.

How to clean hot tub pipes

Before draining, it is strongly recommended to clean the inside of the hot tub pipes with a special cleaning product. Clogged pipes are linked with bad smells and the proliferation of bacteria, making maintenance products less effective. The dosage of the pipe cleaner depends not only on the product chosen but also on the volume of water in your hot tub. For a special product for hot tub pipes, you have the choice between granules, tablets, or a liquid cleaner to pour into the filter location.

How to clean hot tub after draining

For a hot tub, there are two types of draining:

  • Maintenance emptying: this is done every 3 months and allows cleaning of the tank and pipes. This is also an opportunity to clean the filters or replace them if necessary. Then simply refill the hot tub and treat the water as usual.
  • Winter draining: this is done just before winter if you do not intend to use your hot tub (outdoor hot tub). She asks to empty the tank completely and cover it with a hot tub cover. All equipment must be unplugged and the power turned off.

Good to know: to prevent the pipes from freezing in winter, don’t forget to drain (purge) them as well.

You have the choice between two options:

  • Either you unscrew the drain plug or the drain valve and let your Hot tub drain on its own
  • Either you activate the drain pump which will suck up the water very quickly and evacuate it via a pipe

How To protect hot tub

Outside of the swimming season and in winter, it is important to protect hot tub.
The hot tub cover is the ideal accessory to cover your hot tub when you are not using it. It provides insulation while maintaining the water at the right temperature. It is also very popular for securing access to your hot tub and reducing the risk of drowning accidents. There are textile hot tub covers and others made from solid materials.

Maintaining a hot tub: sizing your filtration pump

To do this, you must let the pump run long enough but also choose it carefully.

To choose the power of your filtration pump, you will have to calculate the volume of water in your hot tub. The calculation is very simple to do, provided you know the exact dimensions of your hot tub. Once you know the volume of water in your hot tub in cubic meters, you can choose a filtration pump adapted to the quantity of water to be filtered.

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How often should I clean my hot tub?

It’s recommended to clean your hot tub at least once a month. However, heavy usage or specific environmental factors may require more frequent cleaning.

Can I use household cleaning products to clean my hot tub?

No, it’s not advisable. Use only hot tub-specific cleaners to avoid damaging the tub’s surfaces or affecting the water chemistry

How do I clean the hot tub shell?

Wipe the shell with a soft cloth or sponge and a non-abrasive, mild cleanser. Avoid abrasive scrubbers to prevent scratching the surface

What’s the best way to clean hot tub filters?

Soak the filters in a cleaning solution or mild dish soap, scrub thoroughly, rinse, and allow them to dry before reinserting them into the hot tub.

Should I drain and clean my hot tub regularly?

Yes, draining and cleaning your hot tub every 3 to 4 months is recommended to remove accumulated debris, minerals, and bacteria.

How can I prevent and remove scum lines in my hot tub

Regularly wipe down the waterline with a spa surface cleaner to prevent scum buildup. If already present, a non-abrasive cleaner can help remove it.

Can I use bleach to clean my hot tub?

It’s not advisable to use bleach, as it can disrupt the hot tub’s chemical balance. Stick to recommended hot tub cleaning products for safe and effective results.

What’s the best method to clean hot tub jets?

It’s not advisable to use bleach, as it can disrupt the hot tub’s chemical balance. Stick to recommended hot tub cleaning products for safe and effective results

How to clean hot tub cover?

Wipe the cover with a mild solution of water and a gentle cleanser. Ensure it’s thoroughly dry before putting it back on to prevent mold and mildew growth.

Is it necessary to clean the plumbing in my hot tub?

Yes, it’s crucial. Use a hot tub plumbing cleaner periodically to remove biofilm and other contaminants from the plumbing system, promoting better water quality.

Can I use a pressure washer to clean my hot tub?

No, using a pressure washer can damage the hot tub’s surfaces and equipment. Stick to gentle cleaning methods with appropriate products.

How do I clean hot tub cover with mold or mildew?

For mold or mildew on the cover, use a mixture of water and white vinegar or a specialized spa cover cleaner. Scrub gently, rinse, and let it dry completely.

What’s the best way to clean hard water stains in my hot tub?

Use a hot tub surface cleaner or a vinegar solution to remove hard water stains. Avoid abrasive cleaners that may damage the hot tub’s finish.

Should I clean hot tub before or after using it?

It’s best to clean the hot tub before use to ensure a sanitary environment. Regular maintenance, however, is essential to prevent issues between cleanings

Can I use a dishwasher to clean hot tub accessories?

No, hot tub accessories should be cleaned by hand with a mild cleanser to avoid damage from harsh dishwasher chemicals and high temperatures.

How do I clean hot tub plumbing lines?

Use a hot tub plumbing line cleaner, following the product instructions. This helps eliminate biofilm and ensures the water circulates efficiently.

Are there any eco-friendly options for hot tub cleaning?

Yes, there are eco-friendly hot tub cleaners available. Look for products labeled as environmentally friendly or consider DIY solutions using natural ingredients like baking soda and vinegar.

Can I clean hot tub with just water?

While water can help rinse off some debris, it’s not sufficient for thorough cleaning. Hot tub-specific cleaners are designed to address the unique challenges of spa maintenance.

How do I clean hot tub steps?

While water can help rinse off some debris, it’s not sufficient for thorough cleaning. Hot tub-specific cleaners are designed to address the unique challenges of spa maintenance.

Is it necessary to clean hot tub pipes and jets separately?

Yes, cleaning the pipes and jets separately is essential. Use a pipe cleaner for plumbing and a jet cleaner for the jets to maintain optimal performance and water quality.

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